Ah! Srinagar…. the very word conjures up an image of a verdant valley, snowy mountains, deep blue lakes, gurgling brooks and vistas of flowers. True, Srinagar always lives up to everyone’s dreams and imaginations. This beautiful summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is this and much more!! Located on the banks of the Jhelum River at an elevation of 5200 feet above sea level, Srinagar has a rich and varied history.
King Pravarasena is supposed to have founded this city 2000 years ago and named it as Pravasenpur. In the first century AD, the Kushans from Afghanistan ruled over it.
Later on, the Mauryans took control till the 14 th century. Emperor Ashoka introduced Buddhism here and it spread all around for a few decades. It was during this time that the name SRINAGAR was coined. It is derived from 2 words: SRI meaning Lakshmi and NAGAR meaning city.
Soon after the Mughals invaded India and they started their rule over Srinagar. The Mughals ruled till the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. Then the Durranis, a tribe from Central Asia came in and took hold of Srinagar for a few decades.
In 1814, the rule of the Sikhs was established, and Maharaja Ranjit Singhji ruled over Kashmir. It was ruled by the Sikhs till 1846 when the British came to India. Till 1947 it was considered as a princely state of India. However, in 1947, Srinagar was attacked by its neighboring countries. It was then that the Srinagar ruler Maharaja Hari Singh signed a treaty with the Indian Government for protection and in 1948 Hari Singh united Kashmir as a part of India. Pretty interesting, right?
Well, what else does Srinagar have in offer for the tourist; besides its natural scenic beauty it is famous for the Hazratbal shrine which has the hair of Prophet Mohammad. The famous Shankaracharya temple and Kheer Bhavani temples are here too. It has carpet and silk mills, bringing you the finest of pashmina shawls and silk carpets. Silver ware and copper ware are manufactured here. It’s very well known for its walnut wood furniture and paper mache products. Something very different from what you get in the rest of the country.
Come on now, what are you waiting for! A vibrant city famous for its pine forests, mountain peaks,house boats, beautiful lakes, dried fruits, saffron, kehwa and warm friendly people beckons one and all with a smile!
Kashmir Wikipedia- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir